The financial market is governed by laws and ordinances.

FINMA’s statutory powers to supervise banks, insurances, financial market infrastructures, securities traders and collective capital investment schemes are derived from the legal basis set out in the Financial Market Supervision Act, financial market laws and implementing ordinances.

FINMA takes actions based on the legal provisions set out in financial market law. The regulations defined in the Financial Market Supervision Act lay the legal foundations upon which FINMA was established.

The following acts also govern financial market regulation: 

Statutory provisions are also detailed in ordinances issued by the Federal Council and FINMA ordinances, for instance the Banking Ordinance and the FINMA Financial Market Auditing Ordinance.